Almost every flower needs a special care for you , as well as the rose – regardless of whether in the garden or kept in the pot. Of course, there are also wild roses that come through the year well without any human intervention, but the normal garden rose can occasionally “spoil” something. A strong and healthy rose is the result of intensive irrigation, supply of nutrients (fertilizer) and a timely rose cut. Before the winter is here, it is also important to prepare the rose for wintering.
Moisture, fertilizer and cutting the rose
Among the preferred locations of the proud Rose, include light and airy places. Here you can ripen quite well and sometimes sway in the wind. With up to two and a half meters, the roots are often longer than the rose size – the downside space needs to be met for good growth. Of course, the supply of water and nutrients is also important, Strong and healthy, the rose should blossom, so in autumn the annual rose cut should be done. This promotes not only a stronger branching and a splendid bloom, but also the lower susceptibility to pests. A rose should not be squeezed or even torn in the rose cut, so you should definitely cut it with a smooth secateurs. When the ideal moment for the rose cut has come, you can recognize each rose individually. When withered leaves show and flowers bloom, the perfect time for the rose cut has come, While the perfect moment for the autumn cut for a rose may have come in August, the moment for another may not be until December. In addition to the fall cut, a rose cut in spring can also influence the growth of the rose.
The rose is in need of protection especially in the cold winter, ice and snow can cause a lot of damage. A layer of 15 to 20 centimeters of leaves or soil provides sufficient protection for the root system of a bed of roses. In contrast, container plants can be isolated with winter protection mats . While the crown should be wrapped breathable, can be avoided in the trunk on winter
Rose breeding and reproduction
With more than 20,000 varieties of roses today, it is only possible to guess how many breeders and hobbyists would like to enrich the roses with their own variety of roses. The breeding of roses is clearly separated from the proliferation of roses . When propagating an existing variety of roses is only reproduced, while in rose breeding completely new rose varieties are created. Each of these roses is something special among other things with regard to smell, fullness of the flowers or – color. But how does the cultivation and duplication of roses take place?
Varietal roses and hybrids – differences in reproduction
To multiply roses is not a big challenge. A special role is played by the rose seed. As is known, this is in the rosehip. It is advisable to collect the rosehip in winter , when they are already mature. It is rather rare that the rose from the seed is a replica of the seed-giving rose. The reason for this is that the vast majority of cultivated roses are hybrids created as a result of the crossing of different varieties of roses. It’s different with wild roses. These are sorted and can be propagated one to one. The hybrids are usually a completely new variety of roses – a new breed .
So roses are multiplied
The rosehips must now be gutted after collecting and the cores are placed in water for a few days. The cores that float above are considered non-germinable and can therefore be read. The pips that remain can now be sown in potting soil. The planting depth is about one centimeter. So that the seeds germinate well, they should be kept cool (about 5 degrees) and wet, It takes between four and eight weeks to sprout the first roses. With the first four to six rose petals, the rose plant is ready for moving into its own pot. For this purpose, rich soil should be used to achieve a perfect nutrient supply. Not all rose plants will survive, the strongest and least susceptible to pests will prevail.
A quick look at The Crossing of Roses
Today, as in the past, rose cultivation takes place in the same way as around 1860 under Gregor Mendel with the pea plants – by crossing different varieties. Necessary for the crossing of roses are several varieties of roses . The crossing takes place in the heyday of the roses, mainly in June. However, if two rose plants are crossed, whose flowering times do not fall at the same time, the later flowering rose plant can be pre-cultivated in a greenhouse. But what exactly at a rose cross?