Epiphyllum Varieties: Types Of Cactus Orchid Plants

The gems of the cactus realm are epiphyllum. They are also known as orchid cactus and produce stunning flowers. They produce a delicate scent and only open for a short time. There are many species of Epiphyllum. Most are epiphytic, meaning they live in trees. A few are terrestrial. There are many varieties of cactus orchids available, and new hybrids are being introduced to market. What is Epiphyllum? These plants are native to tropical Americas. They can be found from Mexico to Central America, and even the Caribbean. Because of their outstanding flowers, they are known as cactus orchids. They resemble certain orchid species. It can be difficult to choose an Epiphyllum because there are many flower colors and traits available.

The flat, fleshy stems of orchid cactus are smooth and have serrated edges. Many have a trailing appearance, but there are many cultivars that can produce other styles. These cacti require some shade in the hottest months of the year, which is why they are best suited for warm climates. They need temperatures between 45-70 degrees Fahrenheit (7 to 23 C.) All Epiphyllum types are heat-lovers and can’t tolerate freezing temperatures. There are night-blooming and day-flowering species. The flower colors of Epiphyllum range from purples to oranges, reds, and even white. They are tree-dwelling plants that take nutrients from the air. They have low nutrient requirements and require humidity as their primary need. Cactus orchids come in many varieties. Selenicereus and Epiphyllum are the primary species.

As genetics determines which plants are related, a lot of this labeling will be reorganized. There are many cultivars and colors available for Epiphyllum plants. These are some common names and colors for Epiphyllum cactus plants: Red Arlene Beautiful Pink Miss America Yellow Jennifer Anne King Of Yellows Desert Falcon Orange Cutie Dragon Heart Hawaii white French Sahara Fred Bouton College queen Growing Cactus Orchid Plants Epiphyllum flowers require humid conditions to mimic their tropical rainforest home. In hot weather, mist plants often. A light, well-draining, and humus-rich pot mix is recommended.

Cactus orchids like to be pot bound, but if necessary, repot them after flowering. Low nitrogen fertilize the plant in late winter/early Spring and again in mid-fall. Reduce watering by half and suspend fertilizing during winter. Keep containers moist during the growing season. To make more of these beautiful plants, you can simply cut a length off the stem and allow it to become callus for a few weeks before inserting the stem into moistened sand. To root the stem, keep it in moderate sunlight and on the dry side. This is the fastest and easiest way to grow more brightly colored plants.